Canada, a new destination to study and live can be different from your home country so let’s check it out. Canada is the second-largest country by its total area located in the northern part of NA (North America).Aspirants, who wish to study and work there, should have a good brief about the nation.
Following factors are important to be learned before moving to that country:
Land and Climate:
Canada is famously called the ‘Great White North’ due cold or rather very cold winter climate. Majority of the country remains covered in snow. Most of the cities and towns are located in the southern region close the American border. However, this cold climate gives Canada a distinct spot among tourist. The country is thickly covered by forest and the iconic Rocky Mountains. These geographic features make Canada home to many national parks like the Banff National Park and Jasper National Park. The country also has three ocean borders. There is the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Canada borders the United States of America in the south and in the northwest. Canada has the perfect blend of varying landscape with high mountains, arctic tundra (frozen ground is found), many types of forests and prairie grasslands. Canada is not just about snow, mountains, and forests, the country is home to many lakes and rivers. There are many famous rivers that flow through the country with Mackenzie River being the largest. Other prominent rivers include Yukon River, Saint Lawrence River, Nelson River, Slave River, Columbia River, Saskatchewan River, Peace River, Churchill River, and Fraser River etc.Canada is also home to ‘Great Lakes of North America’. Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario form a major source of fresh water and fish to Canada. Besides this, Canada has over 2,000,000 small lakes.
Canada’s climate and environment is one of the top reasons it has become a favorite tourist place for numerous foreigners.It has four different seasons – winter, spring, summer, and autumn. In summers, the temperature remains pleasant with the highest being 35 degrees Celsius. In winters the temperature falls to even -40 degrees.
For more information, you can view the Atlas of Canada (http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/earth-sciences/geography/atlas-canada) and Weather forecasts (https://weather.gc.ca/mainmenu/weather_menu_e.html).
Culture & Cuisine:
Canada is a blend of different cultures, ethnic groups, and languages. Canadians believe that equality and diversity can make a nation strong thus now it has become a hub of multiculturalism.The culture of the country has been influenced by British, French, and indigenous cultures and traditions. Literature of Canada is famous the all over the world. Many Canadian writers have won accolades internationally. Margaret Atwood, Alice Munro, and Michael Ondaatje have given a new dimension and recognition to Canadian literature on the global stage.
Canada is famous for its winter sports. The native people enjoy playing national sports like ice-hockey and lacrosse. The Montreal Canadians have won a record-setting 24 Stanley Cups in National Hockey League. The country has hosted many major sporting events over the years including the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, 1988 Winter Olympics,1994 Basketball World Championship,the 2010 Winter Olympics and the 2015 FIFA Women’s World Cup.
Canadians love their food and are big-time eaters. It is famous for rolling streets and art deco cafes spread across the country. The most famous dish from Canada is poutine. Coastal Canada especially Nova Scotia is well known for its lobster rolls. The people in Canada like afternoon tea with some sweet dish or a sandwich. Montreal style smoked meat, Saskatoon berry pie and beavertails are something hard to resist.
Like others countries of the Commonwealth, Canada also has a parliamentary system. Queen Elizabeth II is the monarch while the country itself has 10 provinces. The Governor-General acts as Queen’s representative and carries out duties. There is a Prime Minister and Chief Justice as well. There are 338 members in the Canadian parliament. Elections are held once in every fiveyears.Elected members from two houses of the parliament. The Upper House of the Canadian parliament is called Senate while the Lower House is called the House of Commons. The maple leaf is the national symbol of Canada and is depicted on the National Flag.
The law and order is based on the constitution of the country. There is a written constitution and other unwritten conventions which act as supreme law in the country. Supreme Court acts as the highest level of the judiciary in the country. The Supreme Court of Canada is located in the capital city of Ottawa. Except for Quebec, all provinces follow common laws. Quebec has its own civil laws.
Canada enjoys relatively fewer cases of human rights. The country has seen less controversy when it comes to human rights. To safeguard human rights if its citizen, the country has fours laws namely the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the Canadian Human Rights Act, the Canadian Human Rights Commission, and provincial human rights laws and commissions. Canada has been seen as a liberal and positive country in terms of human rights. It was the fourth nation in the world to legalize same-sex marriage in 2005.
Canada has been one of most educated and a major destination for international students. The country spends a significant amount of its GDP on education. As per the latest data, the country spent 5.4% of its GDP on education. The literacy rate in the country is 99%. Due to the promising level of education in Canada, it has become one of the favouritedestinations for students from the world over. Famous universities in Canada include University of Alberta, University of British Columbia, University of New Brunswick, University of Calgary and the University of Toronto.
Provinces and Territories:
Canada is comprised of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Broadly, the country is divided into 4 chief regions. These are Northern Canada, Central Canada,Western Canada and Atlantic Canada. The 10 provinces of Canada are:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island